Neuropathy is a general term signifying disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are diverse therefore is the treatment. Numerous a times, the neuropathy is practically permanent and the treatment is mainly focused on avoiding additional development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by giving the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is due to faulty absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment might or might not totally reverse the neuropathy and reduce the symptoms and in lots of cases there is some long-term damage to nerves and persistent signs in spite of therapy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based upon specific cause and the nerve included. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), regional injection of steroids in wrist, and avoiding irritating factors like typing in incorrect positions, usage of hand tools etc. If signs not minimized by this approach, then surgical treatment is also an option and is usually curative if no long-term damage to nerve has currently happened. Again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment varies.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary disease causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is mainly supportive. In diabetic neuropathies, some forms like Mononeuropathies are reversible but most are permanent. Stringent control of blood sugar levels to slow the further development is of paramount significance. Other treatment is based upon the signs, like discomfort is managed with NSAID and many other drugs. Similarly the neuropathy connected with Rheumatoid Arthritis typically reacts to the more info treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the irritant food product causing neuropathy. There may be some particular treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can typically be avoided by offering pyridoxine along with it.
Lots of a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreversible and the treatment is mainly focused on preventing additional development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary disease causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the irritant food item causing neuropathy.